Public School Teachers of ELs: A Look at the Legal Requirements

Judie Haynes
Judie Haynes

I’d like to introduce you to guest blogger Sandy Nahmias. I met Sandy through NJTESOL/NJBE where we are both on the Executive Board. She is an experienced ESL/bilingual teacher who has also been active on projects for WIDA and has consulted with the N.J. Department of Education on numerous projects. Here is Sandy’s blog.

There was recently a query on the NJTESOL/NJBE discussion list in which a participant asked, “Are mainstream teachers with ELLs in their classrooms legally required to modify lessons for them?” I answered the question on the discussion list and would like to elaborate in this blog. Continue reading

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The TESOL Affiliate Speaker Program: Reflecting on the Last 3 Years

Guest Author
Guest Author

A guest post by Luciana C. de Oliveira
In this blog, Luciana de Oliveira reflects on the eight worldwide conferences she’s attended in the past 3 years as a participant in the TESOL Affiliate Speaker Program.

This past March, I ended a 3-year term on the TESOL Board of Directors. Those were a very busy 3 years in my professional life, and among the best in my career. Part of what made them the best was my participation in the TESOL Affiliate Speaker Program. I was invited to and participated in eight conferences led by eight affiliates: Uruguay TESOL (URUTESOL), Louisiana TESOL (LaTESOL), Yakut TESOL, California and Nevada TESOL (CATESOL), North and South Dakota TESL (Dakota TESL), Illinois TESOL (ITBE), Sunshine State TESOL of Florida, and Asociación Costarricense de Profesores de Inglés (ACPI-TESOL). Continue reading

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ESP Project Leader Profile: Philip Chappell

Kevin Knight
Kevin Knight

Hello, ESPers worldwide!

It is my pleasure to introduce Dr. Philip Chappell from Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia, where I received my PhD in linguistics. I first met Phil in Tokyo, Japan at a JALT conference where he was head of the Macquarie University Showcase. Phil was also one of the leaders of the TESOL Research Network Colloquium (2015) at the University of Sydney and made it possible for me to present at that conference. (I am very grateful! You can read about my Sydney adventure here.) Phil’s bio highlights his expertise in TESOL: Continue reading

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3 Effective Strategies for LESLLA Education

Kristen Lindahl
Kristen Lindahl

This is the second of two posts by guest blogger Raichle Farrelly, a longtime TESOL educator and advocate who is currently assistant professor of applied linguistics at St. Michael’s College in Vermont, USA.  “Rai” has worked in multiple ESL and EFL contexts across the United States, Africa, and Europe, and focuses much of her work and advocacy on preparing teachers to be effective with adults, particularly immigrants and refugees.  In this post, she discusses LESLLA—the acronym for Low Educated Second Language Acquisition and Literacy for Adults—which is becoming more commonly known as both an association and a field of study.

In the growing field of LESLLA, symposia take place in various locations around the world. LESLLA symposia tend to be small (but growing) with attendance ranging from 60–200 participants. Because groups are small, participants enjoy activities outside the symposium together. This year in Granada, Spain at LESLLA 2016, attendees enjoyed a passionate flamenco performance, a group dinner with plenty of sangria, and tours of La Alhambra. At the symposium, there were concurrent sessions presented by professionals from 13 countries. Topics included LESLLA teacher preparation, LESLLA learner agency and identity, developing handwriting skills, digital storytelling, language learning apps, assessment of LESLLA learners, and much more! Here are a few highlights: Continue reading

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20 Inspirational Quotes for Writing Motivation

Elena Shvidko
Elena Shvidko

Getting students excited about writing may not always be easy. Some may see writing as an overwhelming, dull, and difficult task. Others may feel stuck on a certain stage in their writing process. Yet others may not know how to even start writing.

We need role models! And when it comes to writing, who can be a better role model than a successful author? Today, I’d like to share a few inspirational quotes about writing from successful authors.

You can use these quotes in multiple ways. You can share them with your students in combination with a writer’s short biography or their most famous piece of writing. You can use a quote to motivate students on a particular stage in their writing process (e.g., brainstorming, editing). You could ask students to discuss a quote in small groups and share their thoughts with each other. Opportunities are endless. Continue reading

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Against Music in ELT

Robert Sheppard
Rob Sheppard

This post is sure to incur some teacherly ire. A lot of teachers aren’t going to like this, because a lot of teachers love using music in English class. That includes me. However, I have come to the reluctant conclusion that music doesn’t have many of the benefits I once thought it did. I think there’s a very strong case to be made against using music in class, or at least against using it to teach certain aspects of the language.

Authenticity

A lot of student books, TESOL texts, even much of the literature related to the CEFR, treat music as a valuable source of authentic English input. Authenticity is a concept whose importance, and even meaning, have been brought under scrutiny, and music is a perfect example of why. Continue reading

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4 Fast Fun Fillers: Games for ELL Break Time

Tara Arntsen
Tara Arntsen

Breaks are important, but that does not mean you have to waste them. Choose any of the four activities below to engage students in a fun way without taking up a lot of time either in class or at home. I have mentioned the first two in blog posts of their own, but that was quite a while ago, so I will take this opportunity to refresh your memory before introducing two new resources.

1. Vocab & Grammar Quizzes
Freerice
is a free site that students can use to practice a variety of subjects, including English vocabulary and English grammar, by answering multiple-choice questions. Start at a low level and work your way up. Visitors to the site support a good cause with 10 grains of rice being donated to the World Food Programme for every correct answer. Although a very basic concept, I often give myself just 5 minutes to visit Freerice and then get sucked into the “Just one more question.” mentality. There is no need to sign up unless you want to track your totals. If you have a competitive group of students, this might be an additional motivator. (See my previous blog on Freerice.) Continue reading

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Reflections on Linguicism

Shannon Tanghe
Shannon Tanghe

Language discrimination is far from new. Ancient biblical stories describe a “shibboleth,” when pronunciation of this word alone was used to identify fleeing Ephraimites, a tribe defeated by the Gileadites. Those who pronounced the word without the /sh/ sound, a phoneme not used by Ephraimites, were identified and killed instantly.

Thankfully, humankind has moved beyond the need to identify and persecute other humans based on linguistic differences…or have we? Linguistic discrimination, or linguicism, involves “ideologies and structures that are used to legitimate, effectuate and reproduce an unequal division of power and resources between groups which are defined on the basis of language” (Phillipson, 1988, p. 339). Continue reading

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5 Activities to Improve Reading Fluency in Pre-K–5 ELs

Judie Haynes
Judie Haynes

According to Reading Rockets, fluency is composed of three features: accuracy, automaticity,  and prosody. These features of fluency are regularly assessed in schools. It’s my opinion, however, that ELs can’t be held to the same standards as their English-speaking classmates while they are still learning English. Reading ability is not a predictor of reading comprehension in ELs (Lesaux & Crosson, 2010). Accuracy may not be a realistic goal for many ELs because they may have difficulty correctly pronouncing the words in a passage.

However, I think that activities that improve automaticity and prosody are very helpful to ELs, and it is worth providing explicit instruction to them to improve their fluency. It is my experience that activities that help develop reading fluency also improve oral language. Here are some strategies that help build fluency in ELs. Continue reading

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Leadership and Learner Autonomy for Achieving Your Dreams

Kevin Knight
Kevin Knight

Hello, ESPers worldwide!

At Kanda University of International Studies (KUIS) in Chiba, Japan, there is an internationally renowned self-access learning center—the SALC. The KUIS SALC is described as follows on its website:

The Self-Access Learning Centre (SALC) at Kanda University of International Studies is a learning community designed to help KUIS students to develop lifelong language learner autonomy. The SALC provides a social space to motivate learners and to facilitate the development of fluency and confidence. The SALC is filled with over 10,000 resources such as books, magazines, games, DVDs, CDs and online resources in order to provide individualised learning opportunities for students. In addition to the large variety of materials, there are different areas and rooms within the SALC where students can carry out language learning. There are areas equipped with everything students need to use the materials. The SALC is designed to enable students to learn in their own time and to develop language skills for the real world. Learning advisors and other staff are on hand to help users and the SALC offers various modules and courses designed to promote learner autonomy.

A new and bigger SALC is under construction and will be completed by April 2017. The director of the SALC is Dr. Jo Mynard. As colleagues at KUIS, Jo and I have been collaborating on creating a global leadership competition in the SALC. Continue reading

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